What Are Magic Truffles, Exactly?


Some species of fungi produce fruiting bodies which we call mushrooms or truffles.

When we look at these mushrooms, we are only looking at part of the whole. Beneath the ground, fungi spread out as mycelium : a branch-like tissue that, like the roots of a tree, is responsible for absorbing nutrients from the environment.

Some fungal species produce a compact mass of hardened mycelium called a 'sclerotia'. The sclerotia of psilocybin-producing mushrooms are what we normally call “magic truffles”. 

“It's basically a special form of myceliumIt's a state in which, underground, the fungus compacts its mycelium into a truffle shape," said Marshall Tyler, research director at Fied Trip Health, a Canadian company working on research and development on psychedelics.

The sclerotium is produced by the fungus as a means of storing food for long periods of time in case nutrients from the environment run out. Not all psilocybin-producing mushrooms form sclerotia, but those that do store psilocybin and other alkaloids in it, such as can be found in their fruiting bodies.

The sclerotia of psilocybin-producing mushrooms are sometimes referred to as "philosopher's stones" or "sorcerer's stones".

Although they may look different from mushrooms, magic truffles contain significant amounts of psilocybin and other compounds that will produce a psychedelic effect similar to magic mushrooms.

There is nothing in the truffles themselves that can explain any difference in the effect they produce compared to magic mushrooms. Indeed, psilocybin mushrooms themselves can vary in potency and effect depending on their species and even between cultivars of the same species.

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