Mushroom “To eat or not to eat? - that's the question…

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European Mushroom Day (also known as European Mushroom Action Day) is an annual celebration held on the fourth Saturday in September, European Mushroom Day was initiated by .

European Mushroom
European Mushroom


The German popular science magazine Der Tinting in 2015.Its main goal is to raise awareness of Buy shrooms online.

The importance of fungi in both ecosystems and in our daily lives. And it's not just about .

The "higher mushrooms" that we used to see on our table, or to be afraid when we come across a red hat with speckles among the moss, but also about mold, yeast and mushrooms in general.

  • Fungi are an important part of the ecosystem along with animals, plants, viruses and bacteria. 
  • Mold and yeast are also fungi and they play a role in the decomposition of organic matter and increase soil fertility. 
  • Many fungi enter into symbiosis with plants, participate in fermentation and fermentation processes.
  • The most important benefit of mushrooms - some of them produce antibiotics that once revolutionized medicine.
  • Mushrooms collected in ecologically clean areas should be eaten. After all, they are able to accumulate heavy metals, organic toxins and radioactive substances from air, soil and water.

The benefits of mushrooms…?!?

It is believed that mushrooms have a lot of useful properties, so they are widely used in cooking. Many people like dishes with mushrooms - even a small amount of them makes the dishes tastier and more fragrant, and vegetable soup or potatoes, rice or buckwheat porridge in the presence of mushrooms simply "enriched" their taste.

But what are mushrooms not so much in the gastronomic sense, but in.

Their chemical composition?

 After all, they need not only to taste, but also to know about the nutritional value.

Mushrooms are sometimes called "vegetable meat" because of their high protein content. But is that so?

100 g of raw mushrooms, depending on the species, contains 2-5 g of protein. This is more than in cabbage, zucchini and other vegetables and about the same as in whole grain cereals, but less than in legumes. 

So do not rush to consider them vegetable meat. Mushrooms are a very difficult food to digest. This is primarily due to the fact that they contain chitin - a natural plant sorbent. The structure of chitin is very close to the cellulose of plants, performs the supporting and 

protective function of fungal cells. Like cellulose, it is not digested or assimilated by our digestive system. It is worth remembering in moderation, because a large amount of chitin can cause discomfort, gas and pain. At the same time, the presence of chitin and other 

dietary fibers in mushrooms gives a long-lasting feeling of satiety, if mushrooms are consumed in moderation.

It should also be said about the content of vitamins and minerals. Some mushrooms have a large number of such important elements as zinc, copper. One of such record holders in their 

content, for example, buttercups. Mushrooms contain minerals: potassium, phosphorus, sulfur, magnesium, sodium, calcium, chlorine; vitamins A (carotene), B vitamins, vitamin C, 

large amounts of vitamin D and vitamin PP. Fungi also contain beta-glycans, which have a positive effect on the human immune system and have antitumor activity. In other plant products, these vitamins are practically not found, because the main source is animal 

products. It is impossible to say that all mushrooms have the same high content of B vitamins or other vitamins and minerals. They accumulate them in different ways.

However, it should be noted that the above-mentioned nutrients contained in this product are very poorly absorbed by the human body. And to get a positive effect, you need to eat a lot of mushrooms, which in turn can be dangerous to health.

Who should avoid mushrooms?

Eating mushrooms is not recommended for children and the elderly - for them it is quite heavy food. As well as those who suffer from diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, pregnant women and breastfeeding women. And of course, mushrooms will be excluded from the diet of people suffering from food allergies to them.

What is the danger of eating mushrooms?

Despite the unique chemical composition, mushrooms can not be put on a par with the most useful and dietary products, and the reasons for this are many.

Mushrooms slow down the secretion of gastric juice, which can worsen not only the digestion of the mushrooms themselves, but also other foods consumed with them. Therefore, mushrooms are considered a heavy food, and even healthy people are not recommended to eat them often and in large quantities.

The mycelium (mycelium) of most edible and not only fungi is a network of thin branched filaments, occupying an area measured in hundreds of square meters or even kilometers. In this area is .

The absorption of various substances (including harmful to humans) from the soil, which are further concentrated in the fruiting body. The accumulation of hazardous substances by mushrooms is not necessarily associated with a bad environmental situation. Fungi are able to perceive .

These elements even in the form of traces, absorb them and store them in the fruiting body, and therefore the concentration of heavy metals and other harmful substances above normal may be even in uncontaminated territory.

The use of such mushrooms, depending on the concentration of harmful substances, can lead to acute poisoning, when the diagnosis is not in doubt, and chronic, when .

A person begins to complain of severe weakness, intermittent nausea, headache, reduced efficiency. Mushroom poisoning is especially dangerous for children.

Although not all fungi feed on what is in the soil, for example, honeysuckle grows on trees and feeds on decomposing wood, so their content of harmful substances is much lower.

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